In Rowe and MacCabe's review article, tagalog is the most common language in the film, which aids the New Wave's homonormative ideology in legitimating conventions of gender and sexuality. 'The film is full of non-Tagalog language, but it is in those moments that the film is most openly about the grotesque collision of sexual norms, and by extension, the gay/bisexual/cisgender/straight identities and relationships in the metropolitan Philippines' (Rowe and MacCabe 2004). Tagging language facilitates this noisy collision because each of the characters' racial, gender and sexual identities are constantly contested and policed by not only the body switch but also the film's narrative form. In other words, the film's visual grammar also censors bodies and their speech. The film's focus on language is discourses of the national boundary becomes even clearer once listeners step into the story. When Tita Medelyn calls the film's production team of writers, they laugh at her language, which is deemed unfamiliar and unacceptable to Tagalog speakers. Experiencing the story on the ground is like hearing the transgression of language and how mise-en-scene 'displaces' bodies and speech. As we will see, the same can be said for how tags and phrasal verbs effect the ways that Bien, who is a gay male, behaves around women.
Bien's effeminate speech is construed as effeminating, making him the object of ridicule, while Stephanie/Medelyn's visual transformation into female bodies is further reinforced by the most gender stereotypical speech. The male script called RPedia vernacular provides the film's dominant codes and the tagalog script it 'translates' into Tagalog—which are controversial and contested—does not improve on the masculine ideology implied by the New Wave's production. The female script, in contrast, uses the 'vague' script of 'female' gender codes, and the English script often marks silent transitions and the female body's'struggles' with language. When Stephanie and Medelyn meet halfway through the movie, for example, the film visually emphasises this meeting by having Medelyn show up unexpectedly: Bien begins to curse at her and says:... d2c66b5586